Do You See?

Sunday for Elegy 4: It’s All About “that, which betrayed me to my enemy”!

Elegy was never really my preferred mode in poetry. I read a whole bagful of them in school and college. However, having attended two well expounded lectures by two professors here at University of Stirling, the form came back to me recently with a rather pleasant feeling all over. But I’m not writing about the lectures here, which, I assure you, were impressive.

I’m just reading a few elegiac forms this Sunday in between revising my manuscripts and deleting emails that offer me various unknown important awards (obviously, spams). No, I’m not mourning! Although there’s something “pine-ful” about reading some of these poems. <I’m smiling>

If you haven’t guessed already, I’m reading more of John Donne, my favorite of the Metaphysical Poets. Of course, Donne’s The Canonization is always top on my list. After all, who else can say with such aplomb:

For God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love,…

But here I have some other fare. It’s curious how the mind makes associations and throws up surprises at you. At me, I mean.

Do you know Donne’s Elegy 4? Yes, “The Perfume”. Very well, I’ll do you a favor and paste the poem here:

Elegy 4 The Perfume
by John Donne

Once, and but once found in thy company,
All thy supposed escapes are laid on me;
And as a thief at bar, is questioned there
By all the men, that have been robbed that year,
So am I, (by this traiterous means surprised)
By thy hydroptic father catechized.
Though he had wont to search with glazed eyes,
As though he came to kill a cockatrice,
Though he hath oft sworn, that he would remove
Thy beauty’s beauty, and food of our love,
Hope of his goods, if I with thee were seen,
Yet close and secret, as our souls, we’ve been.
Though thy immortal mother, which doth lie
Still-buried in her bed, yet will not die,
Takes this advantage to sleep out day-light,
And watch thy entries and returns all night,
And, when she takes thy hand, and would seem kind,
Doth search what rings and armlets she can find,
And kissing, notes the colour of thy face,
And fearing lest thou’rt swoll’n, doth thee embrace;
To try if thou long, doth name strange meats,
And notes thy paleness, blushing, sighs, and sweats;
And politicly will to thee confess
The sins of her own youth’s rank lustiness;
Yet love these sorceries did remove, and move
Thee to gull thine own mother for my love.
Thy little brethren, which like faery sprites
Oft skipped into our chamber, those sweet nights,
And kissed, and ingled on thy father’s knee,
Were bribed next day to tell what they did see:
The grim eight-foot-high iron-bound serving-man,
That oft names God in oaths, and only then,
He that to bar the first gate, doth as wide
As the great Rhodian Colossus stride,
Which, if in hell no other pains there were,
Makes me fear hell, because he must be there:
Though by thy father he were hired to this,
Could never witness any touch or kiss.
But Oh, too common ill, I brought with me
That, which betrayed me to my enemy:
A loud perfume, which at my entrance cried
Even at thy father’s nose, so were we spied.
When, like a tyrant king, that in his bed
Smelt gunpowder, the pale wretch shivered.
Had it been some bad smell, he would have thought
That his own feet, or breath, that smell had wrought.
But as we in our isle imprisoned,
Where cattle only, and diverse dogs are bred,
The precious unicorns, strange monsters call,
So thought he good, strange, that had none at all.
I taught my silks their whistling to forbear,
Even my oppressed shoes, dumb and speechless were,
Only, thou bitter sweet, whom I had laid
Next me, me traiterously hast betrayed,
And unsuspected hast invisibly
At once fled unto him, and stayed with me.
Base excrement of earth, which dost confound
Sense from distinguishing the sick from sound;
By thee the silly amorous sucks his death
By drawing in a leprous harlot’s breath;
By thee, the greatest stain to man’s estate
Falls on us, to be called effeminate;
Though you be much loved in the prince’s hall,
There, things that seem, exceed substantial.
Gods, when ye fumed on altars, were pleased well,
Because you were burnt, not that they liked your smell;
You are loathsome all, being taken simply alone,
Shall we love ill things joined, and hate each one?
If you were good, your good doth soon decay;
And you are rare, that takes the good away.
All my perfumes, I give most willingly
T’ embalm thy father’s corse; What? will he die?


It’s a funny poem. Donne is wacky, a little impatient, even irreverent. Love, longing, witty spite and an intellectual haplessness — this is Elegy 4: The Perfume for you!

Read what Poetry Foundation says about the poem here.


4 comments on “Sunday for Elegy 4: It’s All About “that, which betrayed me to my enemy”!

  1. Mihir Vatsa
    April 29, 2012

    John Donne was, and will be, a dude.

    In our second year, we had Sidney, Spenser and Donne in a volume and as you might as well know, I got bored reading their (Sidney & Spenser) unrequited love stories in sonnets.

    Donne was a refreshing change. ‘The Canonization’ is an awesome poem and so is ‘Batter my Heart’. And of course, the metaphysical in his poems.

  2. Do You See
    April 29, 2012

    Nothing beats “The Canonization”. I’m happy you like Donne, MV. His uncloying, unabashed, irreverent, yet beseeching, pining, persuasive writing is what still makes him a darling to my sensibilities.

    I’ve always realized my students took a good amount of interest in Donne, because of the complexity in emotions that he provided. And that’s how we are, knowingly or unknowingly — complex 🙂

    Thanks for reading.

  3. binabiswas1
    April 29, 2012

    Donne is an all time favourite with me.. I like his science and sensibilities. Immortal lines

    “For God’s sake hold your tongue
    and let me love.”

    Even Tagore was greatly influenced by him.

  4. Do You See
    April 29, 2012

    Hey Bina, that’s right! Tagore’s novel Shesher Kobita has those immortal lines from The Canonization, in Bengali:

    Dohai toder ektuku chup kawr
    Bhalobashibare de moray awdoshawr!

    “For God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love,…” quoted the hero Amit Raye. Or was it someone else? I should read that book again too. Been long. Thanks!

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This entry was posted on April 29, 2012 by in Elegy, John Donne, Nabina Das, poetry, The Perfume, University of Stirling.
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